Regional Summary Of Outdoor Wood Boilers Activities
From a MEHA educational seminar on September 27, 2007
Indoor Air Quality: Scientific Findings Resource Bank
The Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Scientific Findings Resource Bank (IAQ-SFRB) is being developed by the Indoor Environment Group of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory with funding support from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency provided through an interagency agreement. The IAQ-SFRB serves as a resource for public health professionals, building professionals, and others who seek scientific information about the effects of IAQ on people's health or work performance.
- Health and Economic Impacts of Building Ventilation
- Indoor Dampness, Biological Contaminants and Health
- Indoor Volatile Organic Compounds and Health
- Impacts of Indoor Environments on Human Performance and Productivity
- Benefits of Improving Indoor Environmental Quality
- Air Cleaning Effects on Health and Perceived Air Quality
- Climate Change, Indoor Environmental Quality, and Health
Sponsoring Office: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Indoor Environments Division
The basic mission of the Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards is to preserve and improve the quality of our nation's air.
Select a criteria pollutant and enter the Air Quality Index (AQI); the associated pollutant concentration and health information are then listed.
View air quality map for your region.
The Clean Air Act, which was last amended in 1990, requires EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards (40 CFR part 50) for pollutants considered harmful to public health and the environment.
Learn about ATSDR
ATSDR Toxicological Profiles
Information About Contaminants Found at Hazardous Waste Sites can be found at the CDC website.
By Congressional mandate, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) produces "toxicological profiles" for hazardous substances found at National Priorities List (NPL) sites. These hazardous substances are ranked based on frequency of occurrence at NPL sites, toxicity, and potential for human exposure. Toxicological profiles are developed from a priority list of 275 substances. ATSDR also prepares toxicological profiles for the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Department of Energy (DOE) on substances related to federal sites.
So far, 308 toxicological profiles have been published or are under development as "finals" or "drafts for public comment"; 289 profiles were published as finals; 132 profiles have been updated. Currently, 11 profiles are being revised based on public comments received; 1 profile is under development; 1 profile is in public comment. These profiles cover more than 250 substances.
Toxicological profiles are developed in two stages:
(1) DRAFTS: The toxicological profiles are first produced as drafts. ATSDR announces in the Federal Register the release of these draft profiles for a 90 day public comment period. Request draft toxicological profiles from ATSDR's Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine.
(2) FINALS: After the 90 day comment period, ATSDR considers incorporating all comments into the documents. ATSDR finalizes the profiles and the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) distributes them.
Bed Bugs Audio Report from NEHA
Originally broadcast via Radio NEHA, circa 2008
A Starter Guide for Local Governments
Prepared By: Benjamin Adrian, Olivia Dooley, Chen Huang, Michael Levkowitz
Evans School of Public Policy and Governance
University of Washington. June 2015. Revised December 2015.
Learn the Issue:
Bed Bug History
A Summary of the Problem
Collaboration is Key
Integrated Pest Management
Products and Services
Determine your Goals
Define your Next Steps
Evaluate your Efforts:
Logic Models and Indicators
Bisphenol A - National Toxicology Program
Bisphenol A, more commonly known as BPA, is a chemical widely used to make polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Read NIEHS-supported Bisphenol A Research Articles on BPA here.
The ATSDR Brownfields /Land Reuse Action Model helps the diverse members of the development community – officials, developers, community supporters, and residents, find ways to make health part of the renewal process. Communities can use the action model to identify common goals to incorporate these goals in strategic planning.
ATSDR Site Tool – helps environmental and health professionals identify and catalog contaminants and health concerns associated with former and current use of the property.
ATSDR’s Brownfield / Land Reuse Initiative promotes health, community involvement, partnerships, communication and education.
The ATSDR Dose Calculator is a computer program that allows users to computer the amount of a toxic substance an individual may be exposed to (dose).
Brownfields are real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. Cleaning up and reinvesting in these properties protects the environment, reduces blight, and takes development pressures off greenspaces and working lands.
A Baseline Characterization of Milwaukee’s 30th Street Corridor (July 12, 2008)
Environmental Practice, Volume 11, Issue 03, September 2009.
The city of Baraboo used state and federal funds to redevelop the Ringling Riverfront and help their growing city shine.
The city of Jacksonville has embraced principles of Brownfields redevelopment, creating affordable housing, cleaning up the environment, and increasing economic stability in the area. City of Jacksonville development community members address the benefits of the Brownfields/ Land Revitalization program in a series of interviews.
The UERPC, in partnership with the Winneshiek County Public Health Department and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, developed a video about childhood lead poisoning as part of the "Lead Can Hurt" program. The purpose of the project is to inform students, faculty, and parents about lead poisoning which affects 1 in 14 Iowa children, a rate that is four times the national average. Through this video children and their parents can learn steps to take to reduce exposure to lead, and to lower the rates of childhood lead poisoning. "To kick off this program blood lead screening was conducted at a local elementary school for children 6 and younger."
Is your community interested in renewing? You can find five steps to help get started here.
There are many risk factors for cancer: age, family history, viruses and bacteria, lifestyle (behaviors), and contact with (touching, eating, drinking, or breathing) harmful substances. More than 100,000 chemicals are used by Americans, and about 1,000 new chemicals are introduced each year. These chemicals are found in everyday items, such as foods, personal products, packaging, prescription drugs, and household and lawn care products. While some chemicals can be harmful, not all contact with chemicals is dangerous to your health.
Carbon Monoxide: The Quiet Killer
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless gas that is extremely poisonous and can kill within minutes. In the US each year, nearly 500 die while as many as 20,000 visit emergency rooms for exposure primarily from poorly-maintained heating systems or gas stoves and gas-powered generators used for heat or power during storms.
Carbon Monoxide Dangers: How Close is Too Close for Portable Generators?
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) building experts are seeking the answer to a very important home safety question: How close to a house can you operate a portable gas-powered generator without risking poisoning from carbon monoxide?
A National Institute of Standards and Technology study determined that 15 feet is not an adequate distance for placement of portable generators to prevent carbon monoxide infiltration into a dwelling.
Carbon Monoxide Alarms
Although the popularity of carbon monoxide (CO) alarms has been growing in recent years, it cannot be assumed that everyone is familiar with the hazards of carbon monoxide poisoning in the home.
Chemicals classes are groupings that relate chemicals by similar features. Chemicals can be classified by their structure (e.g., hydrocarbons), uses (e.g., pesticides), physical properties (e.g., volatile organic compounds [VOCs]), radiological properties (e.g., radioactive materials), or other factors. The chemical classes identified below are ones used by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) to address hazardous substances.
Benzidines and aromatic amines contain nitrogen atoms inside or attached to benzene-type rings. Benzidines are or were used in the production of dyes or pigments. Aromatic amines are used in insecticides or in polymer production.
Dioxins, furans, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a class of similar chlorinated aromatic organic compounds. Dioxins have two phenyl rings connected by two oxygen atoms. Furans have one or two phenyl rings connected to a furan ring. PCBs have two phenyl rings attached at one point. One or more chlorine atoms can attach to any available carbon atom, allowing for 100 - 200 forms of each. Dioxins and dioxin-like furans have no known commercial or natural use. They are produced primarily during the incineration or burning of waste; the bleaching processes used in pulp and paper mills; and the chemical syntheses of trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, hexachlorophene, vinyl chloride, trichlorophenol, and pentachlorophenol. PCBs were once synthesized for use as heat-exchanger, transformer, and hydraulic fluids, and also used as additives to paints, oils, window caulking, and floor tiles. Production of PCBs peaked in the early 1970s and was banned in the United States after 1979.
Hydrocarbons are a class of chemicals that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms. Some have hydrogen with rings of carbon atoms, called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or PAHs. Hydrocarbons with additives, such as gasoline, also are included. Typical substances include automotive gasoline, benzene, butadiene, fuel oils, jet fuels, and various PAHs. PAHs include naphthylene and over 100 different substances formed during the incomplete burning of coal, oil and gas, garbage, or other organic substances like tobacco or charbroiled meat. PAHs are found in coal tar, crude oil, creosote, and roofing tar, but a few are used in medicines or to make dyes, plastics, and pesticides.
Inorganic substances are a group of chemicals that contain no carbon. Examples include ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, all metals, and most elements (such as calcium).
Elements are a class of chemicals that are the simplest forms of matter; those elements in nature range from hydrogen to uranium. Metals (such as aluminum and silver) are elements that tend to be malleable (can be shaped or formed by hammering or pressure without breaking) and ductile (can be drawn into wires).
Nitrosamines are a group of organic chemicals formed by the interaction of nitrites with amines or amides inside the body; they have been found to cause cancer in animals. Ethers contain hydrocarbon groups connected by an oxygen atom. They are volatile and highly flammable organic compounds, and ; some have been used as anesthetics. Alcohols are organic compounds that contain a hydroxyl (OH) group, such as in isopropyl alcohol or ethyl alcohol (in alcoholic beverages).
Organophosphates are organic compounds that contain phosphorus, while carbamates are salts or esters of carbamic acid. In different ways, organophosphates and carbamates tend to cause the nervous system to stop working properly. Some are used in fertilizers or as pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, fire retardants, or nerve agents.
Pesticides are a class of chemicals designed to kill pests (rodents, insects, or plants) that may affect agricultural crops or carry diseases like malaria and typhus.
Phenols are a group of aromatic chemicals containing one phenyl ring with an attached hydroxyl group. They are colorless-to-white solids with a sickly sweet odor. Phenols are used to make plastics and as a disinfectant in both household cleaning products and consumer products, such as mouthwashes. Some are used as fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, or pesticides.
Phthalates are a group of aromatic chemicals containing a phenyl ring with two attached and extended acetate groups. They are typically colorless liquids used to make plastics more flexible and resilient, and are often referred to as plasticizers. Because they are not a part of the chain of chemicals (polymers) that makes up plastics, they can be released fairly easily from these products. These plastics are found in products such as toothbrushes, automobile parts, tools, toys, and food packaging. Some are also used in cosmetics, insecticides, and aspirin.
Radionuclides (or radioactive materials) are a class of chemicals where the nucleus of the atom is unstable. They achieve stability through changes in the nucleus (spontaneous fission, emission of alpha particles, or conversion of neutrons to protons or the reverse). This process is called radioactive decay or transformation, and often is followed by the release of ionizing radiation (beta particles, neutrons, or gamma rays).
VOCs are a class of chemicals that are volatile (evaporate easily) and are organic compounds (contain carbon atoms). Some common VOCs include acetone and automotive gasoline.
Warfare or terrorism agents are a class that includes chemicals, biological substances, radioactive materials, nuclear materials, or explosives. These agents can be used in war against enemies or to frighten groups of individuals.
For information on other warfare and terrorism agents, see the CDC Chemical Agents page.
Chemical Fact Sheets
A ten minute movie about the risks associated with exposure to potentially harmful amounts of arsenic in private well water. (Dartmouth, USGS)
An independent federal agency investigating chemical accidents to protect workers, the public, and the environment.
The Connecticut Department of Public Health has developed a Child Day Care SAFER Program (Screening Assessment For Environmental Risk). The Child Day Care SAFER Program is an initiative to identify licensed child day cares that are operating on land or in buildings that could be impacted by hazardous chemicals.
From a MEHA educational seminar on November 18, 2009
Basic Information about Regulated Drinking Water Contaminants and Indicators
Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. EPA sets standards for approximately 90 contaminants and indicators in drinking water. The presence of indicators at a level outside of specified limits may reflect a problem in the treatment process or in the integrity of the distribution system. Learn more at the EPA website.
Arsenic in Small Doses
In Small Doses: Arsenic is a ten minute movie about the risks associated with exposure to potentially harmful amounts of arsenic in private well water.
This interactive game will introduce you to the world of public health, as you help discover the source of an outbreak that has hit the small community of Watersedge and stop it before more residents get sick. This game is used to help recruit the next generation of public health professionals and to increase familiarity with basic epidemiological principles and methods of investigation.
EPA Table of Regulated Drinking Water Contaminants
The National Primary Drinking Water Regulations (NPDWRs or primary standards) are legally enforceable standards that apply to public water systems. Primary standards protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Visit the list of regulated contaminants for details.
When Every Drop Counts: Protecting Public Health During Drought Conditions—A Guide for Public Health Professionals
Drought is a natural phenomenon. During a drought, rainfall levels or other precipitation types are lower than average for an extended period, resulting in an inadequate water supply.
Although the literature contains many well-researched articles on the aspects and implications of drought itself, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recognizes much is yet to be learned about how drought affects public health in the United States. With regard to drought preparedness and response, public health experts at all levels operate today with only limited guidance. With regard to how water shortages affect public health at the community level, overall understanding is less than optimal. Read the full guide.
During flooding, systems for heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) can become submerged in flood waters. As a result, these systems may contain substantial amounts of dirt and debris and may also become contaminated with various types of microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. The following recommendations will help ensure that HVAC systems contaminated with flood water are properly cleaned and remediated to provide healthy indoor environments.
Microorganisms may grow on all surfaces of HVAC system components that were submerged in flood waters. In addition, moisture can collect in HVAC system components that were not submerged (such as air supply ducts above the water line) and can promote the growth of microorganisms. Therefore, all components of the HVAC system that were contaminated with flood water or moisture should be thoroughly inspected, cleaned of dirt and debris, and disinfected by a qualified professional. The following recommendations will help ensure that HVAC systems contaminated with flood water are properly cleaned and remediated to provide healthy indoor environments.
Concern about indoor exposure to mold has been increasing as the public becomes aware that exposure to mold can cause a variety of health effects and symptoms, including allergic reactions.
MA Food Code
HD1055 An Act protecting the health and safety of people in restaurants
Click here to learn more about this bill: An Act protecting the health and safety of people in restaurants HD1055
Disclaimer. The Massachusetts Environmental Health Association (MEHA) provides this three part video as a service to our members and visitors. MEHA does not provide a training certificate after viewing the training videos. Learn more about the Massachusetts Allergy Awareness Act here.
Learn more at the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network website. This copyrighted video has been made available by permission and the kind support of Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network.
CBD (Cannabidoil) in Food Manufactured or Sold in MA
Click here to learn more: CBDFactSheet_0
DHHS. NIH. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
Detailed information about food allergies and intolerances. Discusses diagnosis, how allergens work, and treatment.
Each year, millions of Americans have allergic reactions to food. Although most food allergies cause relatively mild and minor symptoms,some food allergies can cause severe reactions, and may even be life-threatening.
To raise public awareness, to provide advocacy and education, and to advance research on behalf of all those affected by food allergies and anaphylaxis.
The Massachusetts Food Protection Program, within Bureau of Environmental Health in the Department of Public Health, strives to ensure a safe and wholesome food supply in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Infection with norovirus causes gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines), which most commonly results in diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and stomach cramping. Norovirus illness is sometimes referred to as “stomach flu,” but it is not related to the flu, which is a respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus.
Their mission is to help prevent foodborne illness in Massachusetts through educational programs that address control of foodborne pathogens throughout the food chain from farm to table.
Explore the MEHA Model Hazardous Materials Regulation, and Inspection Training Toolkit for Local Health Departments (including the CSB Safety Video: Blast Wave in Danvers, MA).
Who do I call to report an oil spill or other environmental emergency that poses a sudden threat to public health?
For emergencies and other sudden threats to public health, such as:
- oil and/or chemical spills,
- radiation emergencies, and
- biological discharges,
call the National Response Center at 1-800-424-8802.
For pesticide poisoning, call 911 if the person is unconscious, has trouble breathing, or has convulsions. Otherwise, call Poison Control at 1-800-222-1222.
Hoarding and Abandoned Properties
View an example inspection form from a MEHA educational seminar in 2010.
US DHHS, CDC, US HUD
Get a Plan!
From a MEHA educational seminar in 2010
Don't Mess With Mercury
- About Mercury
- Mercury in your School
- Mercury Spills
- For Teachers
- For Students
- Resource Center
- En Español
Mercury Vapor Experiment at Bowling Green State University
Phase 1. In this simulation, approximately 200 grams of mercury, as much as you'd find in a blood pressure measuring device, is poured into a dish at room temperature. As soon as it's exposed to air, mercury vapors leave the surface in wisps and plumes. Though heavier than air, and prone to collect in the lower levels of a room, the vapors are easily disturbed by air movement. In this case, people walking in the room during filming cause the vapors to change direction as they leave the dish. If the temperature of the room were elevated, the rate of vaporization would double for every eighteen degrees Fahrenheit increase.
Phase 2. A much smaller amount of mercury, about 1/200th of that shown in Phase I, is resting on the surface of a carpet. Some of the heavy beads are small enough to fall between the fibers, onto, and through the backing of the carpet. The vapor sources are more dispersed, and the plumes less dense. Smaller beads, and more of them, make for greater surface area and more rapid vaporization.
Phase 3. Mercury that is pushed below the surface of a porous material will continue to give off vapor. In Phase 3 you can no longer see the mercury beads, but in the ultraviolet light you can continue to see the shadows of the vapor.
Phase 4. This simulation demonstrates the results of trying to remove mercury from contaminated carpet. The technician is wearing the appropriate personal protective equipment and using a vacuum specifically designed for collecting mercury. Though some beads are extracted, those that remain give off more mercury vapor than before. Carpet and other porous materials cannot easily be decontaminated. They must be carefully removed and disposed of appropriately.
Phase 5. Most of us have played with mercury. A brief exposure for teens and adults is not a big health concern, but spills in areas where young children and pregnant women spend much of their day can cause severe health problems. Let's get mercury out of our lives.
Mercury Response Guidebook (for Emergency Responders)
The Mercury Response Guidebook, by EPA’s Emergency Response Team and EPA's Region 5 office in Chicago, is designed to assist emergency and remedial professionals coordinate and clean up indoor mercury spills. The principles in this guidebook can also be used at other mercury-contaminated sites.
Mercury, General Information
CAS ID #: 7439-97-6
Affected Organ Systems: Developmental (effects during periods when organs are developing) , Gastrointestinal (Digestive), Neurological (Nervous System), Ocular (Eyes), Renal (Urinary System or Kidneys)
Cancer Effects: None
Chemical Classification: Inorganic substances
Mercury combines with other elements, such as chlorine, sulfur, or oxygen, to form inorganic mercury compounds or "salts", which are usually white powders or crystals. Mercury also combines with carbon to make organic mercury compounds. The most common one, methylmercury, is produced mainly by microscopic organisms in the water and soil. More mercury in the environment can increase the amounts of methylmercury that these small organisms make.
Metallic mercury is used to produce chlorine gas and caustic soda, and is also used in thermometers, dental fillings, and batteries. Mercury salts are sometimes used in skin lightening creams and as antiseptic creams and ointments.
Polyethylene Tanks Onsite Wastewater Treatment
From a MEHA educational seminar on September 27, 2007
Standardized Pandemic H1N1 Flu Public Health Perspective
MEHA educational seminar on November 18, 2009
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
CAS ID #: 1336-36-3, 11097-69-1
Affected Organ Systems: Dermal (Skin), Developmental (effects during periods when organs are developing) , Endocrine (Glands and Hormones), Hepatic (Liver), Immunological (Immune System), Neurological (Nervous System)
Cancer Effects: Reasonably Anticipated to be Human Carcinogens
Chemical Classification: Dioxins, Furans, PCBs (contain phenyl rings of carbon atoms), Pesticides (chemicals used for killing pests, such as rodents, insects, or plants)
Summary: Polychlorinated biphenyls are mixtures of up to 209 individual chlorinated compounds (known as congeners). There are no known natural sources of PCBs. PCBs are either oily liquids or solids that are colorless to light yellow. Some PCBs can exist as a vapor in air. PCBs have no known smell or taste. Many commercial PCB mixtures are known in the U.S. by the trade name Aroclor.PCBs have been used as coolants and lubricants in transformers, capacitors, and other electrical equipment because they don't burn easily and are good insulators. The manufacture of PCBs was stopped in the U.S. in 1977 because of evidence they build up in the environment and can cause harmful health effects. Products made before 1977 that may contain PCBs include old fluorescent lighting fixtures and electrical devices containing PCB capacitors, and old microscope and hydraulic oils.
PCBs in the Indoor Environment: An Emerging Public Health Issue
Respiratory Protection for Healthcare Workers Training Video
OSHA has produced a new training video for healthcare employers and workers that explains the proper use of respirators and the procedures to follow to assure that respirators protect workers from airborne hazards in healthcare settings. The 33-minute video explains the major components of a respiratory protection program including fit-testing, medical evaluations, training and maintenance. The video also discusses the difference between respirators and surgical masks, features a segment on common respiratory hazards found in healthcare settings, and demonstrates how respirator use helps protect workers from exposure to airborne chemicals.
A pesticide is any substance used to kill, repel, or control certain forms of plant or animal life that are considered to be pests. Pesticides include herbicides for destroying weeds and other unwanted vegetation, insecticides for controlling a wide variety of insects, fungicides used to prevent the growth of molds and mildew, disinfectants for preventing the spread of bacteria, and compounds used to control mice and rats. Because of the widespread use of agricultural chemicals in food production, people are exposed to low levels of pesticide residues through their diets. Scientists do not yet have a clear understanding of the health effects of these pesticide residues. Results from the Agricultural Health Study, an ongoing study of pesticide exposures in farm families, show that farmers who used agricultural insecticides experienced an increase in headaches, fatigue, insomnia, dizziness, hand tremors, and other neurological symptoms. Evidence suggests that children are particularly susceptible to adverse effects from exposure to pesticides, including neurodevelopmental effects. People may also be exposed to pesticides used in a variety of settings including homes, schools, hospitals, and workplaces. (source: http://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/pesticides/index.cfm).
Licensed pesticide applicators who used chlorinated pesticides on more than 100 days in their lifetime were at greater risk of diabetes, according to researchers from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The associations between specific pesticides and incident diabetes ranged from a 20 percent to a 200 percent increase in risk, said the scientists with the NIH's National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI). (source: http://www.niehs.nih.gov/news/releases/2008/longterm.cfm)
Illegal Insecticide Chalk, also known as "Miraculous Chalk" or "Chinese Chalk." You may have seen the chalk in a neighborhood store or sold on the street for about $1 a box.
Illegal pesticides usually come into the United States from foreign countries where they are sold on the street, over the internet or in small neighborhood stores.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices.
National Pesticide Information Center fact sheets are designed to answer questions that are commonly asked by the general public about pesticides and pesticide related topics.
Poison Exposure? Questions? Call Your Poison Center at 1-800-222-1222. Free, expert, 24/7/365. Don’t guess, be sure…
The Pediatric Environmental Health Center at Children's Hospital Boston offers multidisciplinary evaluation and management of children with known or suspected exposure to environmental toxins.
The Regional Center for Poison Control and Prevention, based at Children's Hospital Boston, provides 24-hour treatment and advice to health care professionals and the public on all types of poisoning. 1-800-222-1222
Learn more about radioisotopes: Radioisotopes in Today's World
EPA Superfund Risk Assessment
While intended primarily as a resource to EPA, State, other federal agency and contractor risk assessors and toxicologists, the Superfund risk assessment pages provide guidance, tools and databases useful for preparing human health and ecological risk assessments on the types of hazardous waste sites addressed by EPA land cleanup programs. The Superfund risk assessment content may also help citizens and risk managers better understand Superfund's risk assessment process.
The Coalition for Local Public Health has produced a "Communications Toolkit" for Local Health Departments/ Boards of Health for use in informing Administrators and the public of their roles.
Table of contents from the Tool Kit:
- Cover Letter from CLPH
- Fact Sheet on Local Public Health
- Public Health News Headlines
- Sample Letter to the Editor
- Sample Opinion Column
- "Public Health in Our Town" Powerpoint
- Legal Authority and Procedures
- Required Duties of Local Boards of Health
- Clinical Activities for Disease Prevention and Control
- Local Board of Health Care Duties Matrix
- Commissioner Auerbach on Municipal Public Health Stability
- Executive Summary of CLPH Workforce Assessment
Communicating Your Message to the Public and Media by Dr Bob Howard
From a MEHA educational seminar in 2010
- Module 1 - Introduction to Toxicology
- Module 2 - Routes of Exposure
- Module 3 - Risk Assessment
- Module 4 - Survey of Toxic Substances
The American College of Medical Toxicology (ACMT) is a professional, nonprofit association of physicians with recognized expertise in medical toxicology.